Практикум по фонетике английского языка — английский язык, уроки


Упражнение 1.
Распределите слова согласно их звучанию. Незнакомые слова уточните в словаре с транскрипцией:
big, busy, dinner, give, green, in, listen, meet, office, people, pizza, please, repeat, six, tea, three
[ɪ] [ɪ:]
Упражнения 2
Распределите слова согласно их звучанию. Незнакомые слова уточните в словаре с транскрипцией:
Food, June, look, news, room, school, soup, spoon, sugar, Tuesday, two, book, cookery, could, good, looking, soon, through, foot, true
[u:] [u]
Упражнение 3
Распределите слова по колонкам согласно их звучанию. Незнакомые слова уточните в словаре с транскрипцией:
beard, car, chair, church, curtains, dirty, door, floor, four, girl, house, large, March, near, nurse, pair, parked, purse, shirt, shorts, stars, surfer, third, warm, wearing
[ɜ:] [ᴐ:] [ɑ:] другой звук
Упражнение 4
Выберите из предложенных слов подходящие к транскрипции.music, yellow, few, yet, year, news, when, west, jounger, weekend, tunes
1. ['jʌŋgə] 2. [nju:z] 3. [fju:] 4. [jet] 5. ['wi:kend] 6. [tju:nz] 7. [wen] 8. ['mju:zik] 9. ['jeləu] 10. [west] 11. [jɪə] Упражнение 5
Распределите слова согласно их звучанию. Если в слове сразу два звука, занесите его в обе колонки. Незнакомые слова уточните в словаре с транскрипцией:
size, say, sit, east, times, glasses, these, style, please, certainly, zoo, August, dress, places, suit, rose, husband, easy, words, always, police, pencil
[s] [z]
Упражнение 6
Разделите слова на группы согласно ударному звуку.
1. [ɔ] 2. [ɔ:] 3. [ʌ] 4. [a:] 5. [ᴂ] 6. [i:] 7. [i] 8. [u:] 9. [u]
Father, afternoon, pass, glass, not, dog, coffee, hop, doll, got, big, sister, six, milk, but, son, come, love, monkey, mother, duck, funny, jump, uncle, puppy, under, cup, tea cup, put, pull, push, blue, do, who, school, pupil, juice, please, clean, tea, athlete, map, caught, daughter, apple, stop, clock, beat, touch.
Упражнение 7
Выберите слова, в которых буквы e, h, r, k, w, gh не читаются:
Plate, what, card, knife, write, time, eight, work, when, fork, keen, know, who, laugh, night, where, wrong, light, rain, hour, picture.
Упражнение 8
Прочитайте слова - лесенку, постепенно ускоряя темп:
Take
Take bear
Take that bear
Take that big bear
Take that big white bear
Take that nice big white funny bear
Take that nice big white funny bear out of the bag
Упражнение 9
Прочитайте, обращая внимание на артикуляцию английских звуков:
[ai-ai-ai] – this tiger is mine
[i:-i:-i:] – we sit under the tree
[u:- u:- u:] – it’s two to two
[im-im-im] – I’m eating ice cream
[oks-oks] – a fox is in the box
[ɑu- ɑi] – a cloud is in the sky
[i:-ɑ:-ai] – these are my kite and tie
[ɔ:-u.-ei] – all is good O.K
[ɔ:-u.-ei] – let’s go home
[ɔ:-u.-ei] – Tom, Open the door
[est-est] – my teacher is it best!
[ju:-ju:-ju:] – I’m glad to see you!
[ei-ei-ei] – I like to skate and play
[ɔ:-ei-ei] – what day is it today
Упражнение 10
Прочитайте слова, учитывая тип слога или положение гласного
в буквосочетании.
Cat, we, week, term, plan, weak, plane, hate, wet, West, East, card, lay, not, Spain, her, gulf, part, jump, team, tune, herd, eat, yard, bum, hair, hare, seem, nor, pure, North, stream, hop, here, serve, loss, sphere, went, share, dune, hut, fair, mend, disk, nice, cry, tone, note, early, sing,
sun, fire, skirt, use, cord, forge, gentle, dress, meet, eam, hurt, simple, single, since, cure, pearl, dure, shirt.

Упражнение 11
Прочитайте следующие слова и объясните правила их чтения:
1. curt – cat – cutlery
2. fur – foggy – fuse
3. mercy – monk – murder
4. bird – button – abuse
5. sir – student – hundred
6. March – much – match
7. market – mug – musical
8. mask – must – miner
9. torn – turn – tame
10. lark – luck – Lucas
11. myth – myrtle – myself
12. mutton – mute – murmur
13. rue – running – rude
14. style – sturdy – stunning
15. ugly – unit – unlock
16. July – Joe – just
17. chose – rode – pose
18. serve – serf – self
Упражнение 12
Отметьте ударение и прочитайте следующие слова:
(a) completion, efficient, invasion, financial, advantageous, vivacious, photogenic, scientific, materialistic, musical, geographical, technical, psychology/psychological, meteorol-ogy/meteorologist, ideology/ideologist, Viennese, Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese, Cantonese, Balinese.
(b) photograph, photographer, photographic;
politics, political, politician;
competing, competitor, competition;
analyse, analysis, analytical.
(c) teapot, washstand, mail-bag, grandfather, handwriting, shopkeeper, office-boy, waiting room, tape-recorder, ground-floor, crossquestion, flat-footed, second-hand, post-graduate, vice-president, greenish-looking, underpopulated, ultra-modern, non-payment, antinational, non-stop, re-read, misuse, put on, fix up, pick out, make up, bluebell, black-face, bread-and-butter, red-book, blue-stocking.
(d) insult — to insult; object — to object,
subject — to subject; present — to present;
protest — to protest; outlay — to outlay,
outgo — to outgo; record — to record.
Упражнение 13.
Прочитай и запомни:
(a) 1. 'bad-'tempered 2. 'eigh'teena 'bad-tempered 'boy 'eighteen 'students
'John's bad-'tempered 'number eigh'teen(b) 1. 'How can such a 'good-natured "woman 'have such a 'badtempered ˇdaughter? 2. The 'mother's ex'tremely good-ˋnatured | but the 'daughter is unbelievably bad-ˇtempered. 3. There's a 'goodlooking girl over ,there. 4. She's 'quite good-looking. 5. The 'train 'leaves at 'three sixteen. 6. She's 'bought 'twenty-five ˇbooks. 7. It 'happened in 'nineteen twenty-ˋfive. 8. He was 'born in 'nine-teen nineteen. 9. /Thirteen /fourteen /fifteen ,sixteen /Seventeen /eighteen nineteen. 10. They were 'eighteen. 11. I said it 'sixteen times.
c) 'Picca'dilly 'Piccadilly 'Circus
Waterloo "Waterloo 'Station
Tra'fąlgar 'Square Trafalgar Square 'Fountains
'Hyde "Park 'Hyde Park 'Corner
The 'Albert 'Hall The 'Albert Hall 'concert
'Covent 'Garden 'Covent Garden "Market

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